Fusible Interlining: The "Skeleton" of The Garment.

Views : 47
Update time : 2022-07-18 10:31:53

Table of Contents SHOW +


What Is Fusible Interlining?

What Is Fusible Interlining?
Fusible interlining is made by applying a layer of hot melt adhesive to the back of the base fabric. It is also called hot melt fusible interlining. When using a fusible interlining, it is heated so that the lining is bonded to the surface fabric. And the bonded fabric will become stiff, beautiful, and elastic. When making a garment, you need to choose a different type of fusible interlining according to the specific requirements of the garment. 

Fusible Interlining History.

Fusible interlining originated in Europe. In 1952, Britain( K-Tanner ) used polyethylene as raw material. And sprinkled powder on the fabric made of fusible interlining fabric. Polyethylene fusible interlining has better resistance to washing, but has a harder feel and is only used for shirt collar lining.
After 1965, West Germany and Switzerland developed a successful co-polyamide hot melt adhesive. And then developed it into powder point coating equipment. So, the variety and quality of fusible interlining fabrics are a new breakthrough.
From 1968, the fusible interlining fabric in foreign countries have more rapid development. Now, the amount of fusible interlining in Western Europe accounted for only 30% of the total amount of interlining.
By the 1980s, the amount of fusible interlining has accounted for more than 90%.
The garment with hot melt fusible interlining has the effect of being stiff, soft, and light. The fusible technology has been able to adapt to the requirements of diversified production of clothing. It is suitable for industrial mass production. So, it is called a revolution in the garment process. And it is an important symbol of the modernization of the garment industry. 

The Different Types of Fusible Interlining.

Depending on the backing fabric, fusible interlining is further divided into woven interlining and non-woven interlining. The coating process of interlining includes hot melt transfer, dusting, powder dot, slurry, and double dot. Different fabrics and fusible interlining with the match also vary. General shirt collars, men's and women's suits need to have woven interlining; pockets and other parts can choose non-woven interlining; sleeve holes, collar nests, and other deformed parts need to be fixed with inlay interlining. The actual choice also depends on the quality and requirements of the garment the customer makes.

A.Classification by Coating Methods

1)Powder dot fusible interlining: The adhesive particles are sprinkled in the pits on the roller and embossed on the base fabric in a certain pattern, with uniform and regular distribution of particles. This method is currently the most widely used. It is suitable for any fusible lining other than non-woven fabrics.

2)Glue point fusible interlining: The hot melt adhesive is first modulated into a paste, and then the resin particles are glued to the base fabric through a circular mesh, with a very uniform size and distribution of the particles. This method is suitable for the coating process of heat-sensitive materials (such as non-woven fabrics) and fabrics that are not easily bonded.

3)Sprayed fusible interlining: This is the earliest and simplest method of fusible interlining coating. It is a powdered hot melt adhesive sprayed on the base fabric to form a coating of irregular size and distribution. It is used for lower grade interlining, such as non-woven interlining, leather, shoes and hats, decorative interlining, etc.

4)Double dot fusible interlining: It is developed on the basis of the above three coating sheets. Its basic principle is to consider the different bonding properties of the base fabric and the fabric. Two layers of overlapping hot melt adhesive are coated on the base fabric, and the lower layer is bonded to the base fabric, while the upper layer is bonded to the fabric, so as to obtain the ideal bonding effect. It is suitable for garment interlining with high-quality requirements and difficult bonding.

B.Classification by Backing Fabric

1)Woven fusible interlining: backing fabric made of woven fabric.

2)Knitted fusible interlining: woven fabric for the backing of the interlining.

3)Non-woven fusible interlining: non-woven backing fabric.

C.Classification by Type of Hot Melt Adhesive Coating

1)Polyethylene (PE) fusible interlining: characterized by low price, good resistance to washing, poor dry cleaning resistance, high pressing and fusing temperature (160 ~ 190 ℃). Adhesive strength is lower than polyamide and polyester adhesives, slightly hard to the touch. Suitable for shirt collar lining but not for heat-sensitive fabrics such as fur and silk.

2)Polyamide (PA) fusible interlining: characterized by high price, excellent resistance to dry cleaning, not resistant to water washing, high bonding strength, elasticity, excellent drapability, soft hand feel, low coating amount. The hot pressing temperature is around 100-120℃. It is suitable for high-grade garments with dry-cleaning resistance and good durability. Low soluble point polyamide is suitable for the bonding of fur and silk fabrics, and the lining can be firmly bonded with the fabric at 95~120℃ with a household electric iron.

3)Polyester fusible interlining (PET): Because of the low bonding strength of co-polyamide hot melt adhesive to polyester fabrics and poor water washing resistance, people use polyester to overcome the above existing problems. It is characterized by low price, good feel, hot pressing temperature of 120 ~ 140℃ and moderate bonding strength (polyester fabric is better), with a medium degree of de washing and dry cleaning resistance. It is suitable for outerwear and shirt bonding interlining, especially for women's clothing and polyester filament fabric.

4)Polyvinyl chloride (PCV) fusible interlining: It has good fusible strength and washability, but has a poor feel. At present, it is mainly used as adhesive lining for raincoats.

5)Polyethylene vinyl acetate(EVA)and other EVAL: characterized by moderate price, better adhesion, soft touch. EVA wash resistance is poor, pressing temperature of about 100 ℃, while EVAL wash resistance is better, pressing temperature of 120 ~ 150 ℃. They are suitable for leather, fur, shoes, hats and decorative linings, as well as heat-sensitive fabrics with linings. EVAL can also be used for silk fabrics.

D.Classification by Application

1)Shirt fusible interlining: requires washing resistance, small shrinkage, stiff and elastic. The backing fabric woven fabric with PE or PET adhesive.

2)Outerwear fusible interlining: requires dry cleaning and washing resistance, soft hand feel and elasticity. Backing fabric woven, knitted, non-woven, with PA, PET or PVC adhesive.

3)Leather fusible interlining: requires low pressing temperature, soft hand feel and poor washing resistance. Backing fabric woven fabric, heavy woven fabric, with EVA or PA adhesive.

4)Fusible interlining for shoes, hats and decoration: requires low pressing temperature, low price and poor washing resistance. Backing fabric is made of  non-woven, woven fabric or foam, available EVA, PE or PVC adhesive.

Woven Fusible Interlining.

Fusible interlining can be divided into woven fusible interlining (commonly known as woven fusible interlining); the backing of woven interlining is woven and knitted. 

Nonwoven Fusible Interlining.

Nonwoven fusible interlining is made of nonwoven fabric as the backing, while the backing of nonwoven interlining is made of chemical fibers (nylon, polyester, etc.) formed directly into the backing. According to the method of forming, non-woven interlining is divided into chemical bonding, needle punching, hot rolling, hydroentanglement and meltblown. Compared with woven fusible interlining, its price is more advantageous, but the quality is undoubtedly a little inferior. Non-woven interlining is suitable for some edge positions, such as open pockets, locking buttonholes and so on. The thickness of the non-woven interlining will be directly reflected in the location used, which is chosen according to the need. 

How to Use Fusible Interlining Fabric?

First put the back of the cloth on the ironing table, spray a little water, then put the adhesive side of the interlining on the back of the cloth, and then put a piece of paper or cloth at the top (so that the following is heated evenly, to avoid burning the fabric). Before ironing, the iron temperature is set to high without adding steam. Press the iron in the middle first, then press it in order to the periphery, and finally turn the fabric to the front and then iron it flat. When ironing, you need to adjust the ironing temperature, pressure and time according to the material of the interlining and cloth.

The Process of Fusible Interlining.

At a certain temperature and time, the process of melting the adhesive powder particles of the fusible interlining and then applying a certain pressure to bond the interlining and fabric together is called fusible interlining. Before using the new interlining and fabric production, garment factories need to determine the appropriate temperature, time and pressure and other technical parameters through pre-sample testing to achieve the best feel and bonding effect of the fabric.

The pressing temperature refers to the temperature at which the garment fabric and the fusible interlining combine to melt and press the surface, which plays a major role in the bonding effect. As the temperature rises, the glue powder particles melt and combine with the fabric yarn fibers. The more appropriate the temperature, the better the fluidity of the hot melt adhesive will be when the peel strength is proportional to the pressing temperature. However, if the temperature exceeds the limit of the gluing temperature, not only will the glue be permeable, but the peel strength will also be reduced.

Conclusions

G&F has a full range of fusible interlinings with high quality and competitive price, welcome to visit our website to learn more about fusible interlining.

All Rights Reserved: https://www.groupgf.com/info-detail/fusible-interlining

Copyright Notice: This is an original (translated) article from G&F Group Inc., please indicate the source from G&F Group Inc.. If there is any infringement, please contact us first.

Related News
Read More >>
Leverage Knowledge of Twill Fabric to Improve Your Business. Leverage Knowledge of Twill Fabric to Improve Your Business.
Oct .18.2022
The twill fabric is divided into two kinds of coarse twill and fine twill. The fabric is organized as a cotton fabric with a two-up twill and a 45° left twill. The front twill pattern is obvious, while the back of the twill fabric is not very obvious. Warp and weft yarns are interwoven at least once every two yarns, using the addition of warp and weft interweaving points to change the fabric structure, collectively known as twill fabric warp and weft yarn count is close to each other, warp density is slightly higher than weft density, feel softer than khaki, mostly used for printing fabrics.
Guidance For You In Jacquard Fabric. Guidance For You In Jacquard Fabric.
Oct .13.2022
Jacquard fabrics are generally high-precision yarn woven fabric material, containing pure cotton material, belongs to a very good quality fabric. Jacquard fabrics rely on the changes in the warp and weft of the fabric to weave out the flower pattern. Very durable and beautiful, and the woven flowers have a three-dimensional, and bumpy feel.
The Latest Organza Fabric Has Finally Been Revealed! The Latest Organza Fabric Has Finally Been Revealed!
Oct .11.2022
Organza fabric is a light gauze with a transparent or translucent texture, mostly covered with satin or silk. Organza is used chiefly as the main raw material for wedding dresses designed by the French. Plain, transparent, brightly colored after dyeing, and light in texture, like natural silk products.
9 Important Life Lessons Felt Fabric Taught Us. 9 Important Life Lessons Felt Fabric Taught Us.
Sep .29.2022
Felt fabric is made of cow hair, camel hair, wool, or other animal hair. Then it is rolled into a square or rectangular sheet material by artificially popping wool, humidifying and kneading, etc... It is suitable for various padding materials and has good heat and cold resistance. It belongs to the category of non-woven fabric, with high density and high thickness, generally 2-5mm thickness can be called felt fabric. Bright and colorful, with decorative solid and practical properties.